Buscar en
Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica (English Edition)
Toda la web
Inicio Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica (English Edition) Vesicular (varicella-like) eruptions
Journal Information
Vol. 39. Issue 3.
Pages 153-154 (March 2021)
Visits
9
Vol. 39. Issue 3.
Pages 153-154 (March 2021)
Diagnosis at first sight
DOI: 10.1016/j.eimce.2021.01.002
Full text access
Vesicular (varicella-like) eruptions
Lesiones eritematovesiculosas cutáneas
Visits
...
Ane Josune Goikoetxea Agirre
Corresponding author
, Marta Ibarrola Hierro, Javier Nieto Arana, Mikel del Alamo Martínez de Lagos
Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario Cruces, Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain
Article information
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Figures (1)
Full Text
Case report

A 60-year-old man with a history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) a few months earlier had received treatment with low molecular weight heparin, which was then suspended. He had no known drug allergies or any other medical or surgical history of note.

Six days earlier, he was admitted to a different hospital owing to acute fever, asthenia and dry cough. He was diagnosed with COVID-19 and bilateral pneumonia, confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on a nasopharyngeal sample and compatible chest X-ray. Treatment was started with lopinavir/ritonavir plus hydroxychloroquine. The patient responded favourably and was discharged 48 h after admission to complete treatment on an outpatient basis.

The day prior to his admission to our department, he developed a slightly pruriginous erythematous vesicular rash limited to his trunk (Figs. 1A–C). After he was assessed by Dermatology, he underwent a skin biopsy and was diagnosed with probable chickenpox, admitted to the Infectious Diseases ward and treated with intravenous acyclovir.

Fig. 1.

A–C.

(0.12MB).

The patient did not recall having had chickenpox as a child. He presented neither fever nor respiratory signs or symptoms. A chest X-ray showed no evidence of pneumonia.

Clinical procedure

During the patient’s admission, the results for the skin biopsy were received, in which an inflammatory pattern was reported. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) serology yielded a negative result for IgM and a positive result for IgG. In addition, PCR for VZV in the biopsy sample was negative.

Given these results, acyclovir was discontinued. PCR for SARS-CoV-2 in the skin biopsy sample was ordered. This was also negative.

During his stay, the patient completed the treatment with lopinavir/ritonavir plus hydroxychloroquine that had been previously started. He remained afebrile with no respiratory signs or symptoms. The chest X-ray taken was normal and the rash resolved within a few days.

Closing remarks

The most common clinical symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, cough and dyspnoea. However, various parts of the body may also be affected, such as the heart, kidneys, central nervous system and skin.

At the start of the pandemic, there was little data in the literature on skin involvement. In a series by Guan et al.,1 published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) on 28 February, it only occurred in two patients out of a total of 1,099 patients, corresponding to a rate of 0.2%. A subsequent article by Recalcati.2 from Ospedale Alessandro Manzoni [Alessandro Manzoni Hospital] in northern Italy reported the data analysed in a series of 88 patients where 18 patients (20.4%) presented skin involvement: 14 had an erythematous rash, three had urticaria and one had a varicelliform rash. Galván et al.3 published a prospective, multicentre study with 375 patients in which they classified skin manifestations according to five patterns (maculopapular [the most common: 47%], pseudo-chillblain, vesicular, urticarial and livedo-necrotic) and established a relationship between disease severity and each of the five patterns, as well as a relationship between the pattern and the clinical course of the disease. These patterns were confirmed in subsequent publications.4–6

Our patient had a slightly pruriginous rash with a varicelliform appearance affecting the trunk, in the context of SARS-CoV-2 infection. He was diagnosed with probable chickenpox, admitted to the Infectious Diseases ward and started on treatment with intravenous acyclovir.

His rash developed in the acute phase of the infection, a few days after the onset of the viral symptoms.

His clinical course was favourable. He remained afebrile with no respiratory signs or symptoms. The chest X-ray taken did not show pneumonia. His skin lesions resolved within a few days.

Funding

The authors declare that they received no funding to conduct this study.

References
[1]
W.J. Guan, Z.Y. Ni, Y. Hu, W.H. Liang, C.Q. Ou, J.X. He, et al.
Clinical chararacteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China.
NEJM, 382 (2020), pp. 1708-1720
[2]
S. Recalcati.
Cutaneous manifestations in COVID 19, a first perspective.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol, 34 (2020), pp. e212-3
[3]
C. Galván, A. Català, G. Carretero, P. Rodríguez-Jiménez, D. Fernández-Nieto, A. Rodríguez-Villa, et al.
Classification of the cutaneous manifestations of COVID-19: a rapid prospec- tive nationwide consensus study in Spain with 375 cases.
Br J Dermatol, 183 (2020), pp. 71-77
[4]
A. Tammaro, G.A. Adebanjo, F. Parisella, J. Rello.
Cutaneous manifestation in COVID-19: the experiences of Barcelona and Rome.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol, 34 (2020), pp. e306-7
[5]
E.E. Freeman, D.E. Mc Mahon, M.E. Fitzgerald, L.P. Fox, M. Rosenbach, J. Takeshita, et al.
The American Academy of dermatology COVID-19 registry: crowdsourcing dermatology in the age of COVID-19.j.
Acad Dermatol, 83 (2020), pp. 509-510
[6]
J. Romaní, S. Calzado.
Chilblain and acral purpuric lesions in Spain during COVID confinement: retrospective analysis of 12 cases.
Actas Dermosifiliogr, 111 (2020), pp. 426-429

Please cite this article as: Goikoetxea Agirre AJ, Ibarrola Hierro M, Nieto Arana J, del Alamo Martínez de Lagos M. Lesiones eritematovesiculosas cutáneas. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2021;39:153–154.

Copyright © 2020. Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Article options
Tools
es en pt

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

Você é um profissional de saúde habilitado a prescrever ou dispensar medicamentos