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Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English ed.)
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Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.endien.2019.08.008
Diabetes Summer Camp in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: Effects on well-being and quality of life
Campamento de verano en niños y adolescentes con diabetes tipo 1: efectos sobre el bienestar y la calidad de vida
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María Teresa Anartea,b,
Corresponding author
anarte@uma.es

Corresponding author.
, Mónica Carreiraa,b, Ana Leiva Geac, Esperanza Varelaa,b, Marta Mateo-Anarted, Juan Pedro López Sigueroa,e, Isabel Leiva Geaa,e
a Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga-IBIMA, Spain
b Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, University of Málaga, Spain
c University Hospital “Virgen de la Victoria”, Málaga, Spain
d ATRI-J Center, Fundación La Esperanza E.B.S. Málaga, Málaga, Spain
e Pediatric Endocrinology Service, Regional University Hospital, “Materno Infantil” Hospital, Málaga, Spain
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Tables (4)
Table 1. Comparative analysis inter-group post-test KINDL/KINDL parents’ version.
Table 2. Comparative analysis intra-group pre-post children: KINDL and STAIC.
Table 3. Comparative analysis intra-group pre-post parents: STAI and PANAS.
Table 4. Comparative analysis inter-group pre-test and post-test PANASN/PANAS.
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Abstract
Objetive

The aim of this study was to examine the quality of life, anxiety and affectivity in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and in their parents after participating in a diabetes summer camp.

Method

A total of 20 children and adolescents with T1D, aged 8–14, and their parents participated. The study design was quasi-experimental longitudinal with an intra-subject factor with two measurements (pre/post), and an inter-group factor (child/parent).

Results

After attending camp, a significantly increased quality of life, demonstrated by the emotional well-being and self-esteem scores, was found in the children but not in the parents. Less negative affectivity and an improvement in positive affectivity was seen in the parents, but not in the children. Differences in anxiety were found in both the children and the parents.

Conclusions

This research presents empirical evidence of the benefits of participation in a diabetes camp in both children and their parents.

Keywords:
Type 1 diabetes
Summer camp
Quality of life
Anxiety
Affective symptoms
Resumen
Objetivo

El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar la calidad de vida, la ansiedad y la afectividad en niños y adolescentes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1), y en sus padres después de participar en un campamento de verano de diabetes.

Método

Participaron un total de 20 niños y adolescentes con DM1 de 8 a 14 años, además de sus padres. El diseño del estudio fue longitudinal cuasi-experimental con un factor intra-sujeto con 2 mediciones (pre/post), y un factor intergrupo (niño/padre).

Resultados

Después de asistir al campamento se observa un aumento significativo en la calidad de vida, demostrado en las puntuaciones de bienestar emocional y autoestima en los niños. Los padres mostraron menos afectividad negativa y más positiva. Se encontraron diferencias en ansiedad en niños y sus padres.

Conclusiones

Se muestra evidencia empírica sobre los beneficios de un campamento de diabetes tanto en niños como en sus padres.

Palabras clave:
Diabetes tipo 1
Campamento de verano
Calidad de vida
Ansiedad
Síntomas afectivos

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