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Vol. 29. Issue 6.
Pages 265-274 (November - December 2017)
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Vol. 29. Issue 6.
Pages 265-274 (November - December 2017)
Review article
DOI: 10.1016/j.artere.2017.10.001
Review and analysis of physical exercise at hormonal and brain level, and its influence on appetite
Revisión y análisis del ejercicio físico a nivel hormonal, cerebral y su influencia en el apetito
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Laura Gómez Escribanoa, Arancha Gálvez Casasa, Antonio R. Escribá Fernández-Marcotea, Pedro Tárraga Lópezb,
Corresponding author
pjtarraga@sescam.jccm.es

Corresponding author.
, Loreto Tárraga Marcosb
a Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Plástica, Musical y Dinámica, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
b Departamento de Ciencias Biomédicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain
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Tables (11)
Table 1. Ghrelin and insulin level status and food intake after physical exercise.
Table 2. Effect of exercise on neuronal response after looking at images of food.
Table 3. Neuronal responses after looking at images with high and low calorific value after exercise.
Table 4. Satiety/satisfaction after physical exercise on an empty stomach and after breakfast.
Table 5. Physical exercise and its effects on hunger.
Table 6. Acylated ghrelin and satiety after physical exercise.
Table 7. Physical exercise and its effects on hunger and satiety.
Table 8. Satiety and appetite on an empty stomach and after breakfast after physical exercise.
Table 9. Changes in ghrelin and association with type of diet and physical exercise.
Table 10. Ad libitum energy intake after physical exercise.
Table 11. Total intake at lunch and evening meals after physical exercise.
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Abstract

Due to the currently growing rate of obesity, it is important to maintain good control of food intake. The main purpose of the present study is to determine the influence of physical exercise on appetite, changes in hormone concentrations, and changes in certain neuronal regions. To achieve this, a literature search was conducted using different data bases. The results show how exercise produces changes in the appetite perception, in the amount of energy intake, and in different weight-control related hormones, as well as in specific neuronal responses. In conclusion, it can be shown that exercise leads to changes in appetite, hunger, and energy intake. In addition, exercise decreases the ghrelin levels and increases concentrations of leptin. Likewise, it is shown how physical exercise alters the responses of certain neuronal regions after visualising specific food elements decreasing so the appetite or the intake of them.

Keywords:
Appetite
Physical exercise
Energy intake
Hormones
Resumen

Debido a los problemas de obesidad que hay en la actualidad, es importante llevar un buen control de la ingesta alimentaria. El propósito del presente estudio es conocer la influencia que tiene el ejercicio físico sobre el apetito, los cambios generados en las concentraciones de diferentes hormonas y la alteración de determinadas regiones cerebrales. Para ello se ha realizado una revisión bibliográfica a través de diferentes bases de datos. En cuanto a los resultados, se aprecia que el ejercicio produce cambios en el apetito, en la cantidad de ingesta de energía, en diferentes hormonas relacionadas con el control del peso así como en determinadas respuestas neuronales. Como conclusión, se puede afirmar que el ejercicio disminuye el apetito, el hambre y la ingesta de energía. Además, el ejercicio disminuye los niveles de grelina y aumenta las concentraciones de leptina. Asimismo, se muestra como el ejercicio físico altera la actividad de ciertas regiones del cerebro tras la visualización de determinados alimentos, con lo que disminuyen el apetito o la ingesta.

Palabras clave:
Apetito
Ejercicio físico
Consumo de energía
Hormonas

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