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Vol. 29. Issue 1.
Materiais 2015
Pages e229-e233 (January - April 2017)
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Vol. 29. Issue 1.
Materiais 2015
Pages e229-e233 (January - April 2017)
DOI: 10.1016/j.ctmat.2016.06.009
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Adsorption of phenol on silica aerogels using a stirred tank and a fixed bed column
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Joana Marquesa, Telma Matiasa, Artur J.M. Valenteb, António Portugala, Margarida J. Quinaa, Licínio Gando-Ferreiraa, Luísa Durãesa,
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luisa@eq.uc.pt

Corresponding author.
a CIEPQPF, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Coimbra, Rua Sílvio Lima, 3030-790 Coimbra, Portugal
b CQC, Department of Chemistry, University of Coimbra, Rua Larga, 3004-535 Coimbra, Portugal
Article information
Abstract

The potential of a hydrophobic aerogel-like material for phenol adsorption from aqueous solutions was studied. Firstly, the effects of phenol concentration and adsorbent dosage on the adsorption equilibrium were investigated. The adsorption capacity of phenol at equilibrium increased with the increase of initial phenol concentration and decreased by increasing the adsorbent dosage. The optimum adsorbent dosage was 0.45g/45mL, corresponding to a removal percentage of 54% and a liquid-solid ratio of 100. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models fitted fairly the experimental equilibrium data, but the Freundlich model was adopted as the more suitable for describing the studied system. Secondly, the performance of the adsorbent was investigated by using two different system layouts: perfectly stirred tank in batch conditions, and fixed bed column tested in continuous regime. Pseudo-first and pseudo-second-order kinetic models were fitted to have an assessment on the kinetic parameters and adsorption mechanism. Finally, feasibility of chemical regeneration of the adsorbent, using an acid solution, and its effect on the phenol adsorption capacity were also examined. The changes in the chemical structure of the adsorbent after 4 regeneration cycles were assessed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). High regeneration efficiency of the adsorbent was observed in all performed cycles.

Keywords:
Adsorption
phenol
silica-based aerogel
equilibrium isotherms
kinetic models
batch and continuous regimes
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Copyright © 2017. Portuguese Society of Materials (SPM)
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