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Vol. 46. Issue S5.
2nd World congress of health research
Pages 191-194 (November 2014)
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Vol. 46. Issue S5.
2nd World congress of health research
Pages 191-194 (November 2014)
Open Access
Sleep patterns and insomnia among portuguese adolescents: a cross-sectional study
Odete Amarala,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, António Garridob, Carlos Pereiraa, Nélio Veigaa, Carla Serpac, Constantino Sakellaridesc
a Escola Superior de Saúde de Viseu, CI&DETS, Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, Viseu, Portugal
b Centro Hospitalar Tondela-Viseu, Viseu, Portugal
c Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
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Inadequate sleep patterns and insomnia are frequently linked and represent common sleep disorders among adolescents. The present study provides data on sleep patterns and insomnia among Portuguese adolescents.

Material e methods

In a cross-sectional study we evaluated 6,919 students from the 7th to the 12th grade from twenty-six secondary schools. Data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Insomnia was defined based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV criteria and daytime sleepiness was assessed with the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Sleep patterns evaluated both sleep duration (“insufficient” sleep was defined as < 8 hours per night) and bedtime schedules and regularity.


The prevalence of insomnia was 8.3%, insomnia symptoms 21.4% and insufficient sleep 29.3%. All prevalence were higher among girls (P<.001). Average sleep time, on weeknights, was 8:04±1:13 hours. On average adolescents went to bed at 22:18±1:47 hours, took 21 minutes to fall asleep and woke up at 7:15±0:35 hours. Only 6.4% of adolescents stated having a regular bedtime. The majority of adolescents (90.6%) reported having difficulty waking up, 64.7% experienced daytime sleepiness and 53.3% experienced sleep during classes.


There are high prevalence of inadequate sleep patterns, insufficient sleep and insomnia among Portuguese adolescents. Insufficient sleep is associated with sleep patterns and social and behavioural factors. These results add to our knowledge of adolescent sleep worldwide.

Sleep patterns
Daytime sleepiness
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Copyright © 2014. Elsevier España, S.L.U.. All rights reserved
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