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Journal Information
Vol. 46. Issue S5.
2nd World congress of health research
Pages 107-111 (November 2014)
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Vol. 46. Issue S5.
2nd World congress of health research
Pages 107-111 (November 2014)
Open Access
Anxiety and depression in adolescents with hostile behaviour
Carla Cruza,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, João Duartea, Paula Nelasa, Anabela Antunesb, Mariline Almeidac
a Escola Superior de Saúde de Viseu, CI&DETS, Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, Viseu, Portugal
b Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu, Viseu, Portugal
c Hospital São Francisco Xavier, Lisboa, Portugal
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Adolescents go through a phase characterised by physical, mental, psychological and social changes which justify periods of hostile behaviours. The occurrence and intensity of these behaviours may correspond to a psychopathological condition that will affect their future lives. The aim of this research is to identify the socio-demographic and family background variables that influence hostile behaviours in adolescents and to analyse the influence of depression and anxiety in hostile behaviours in adolescents.


This is a quantitative, non-experimental, cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study with epidemiological characteristics. The sample consists of 1890 adolescents, 863 (45.7%) boys and 1027 (54.3%) girls whose average age is 16.26 years. The data collection instrument includes the socio-demographic and family background and anxiety, depression and hostile behaviours in adolescence measurement scales: the State-Trait Anxiety Scale, the Depression Scale and the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory.


We found that the prevalent group is between 17 and 21 years old (40.3%) 41.4% boys and 39.4% girls; the highest percentage of the adolescents (37.8%) are in the 10th year of schooling; 50.7% live in the city, 70.0% live with their parents; the monthly household income is medium-high (56.7%) for (56.5%) girls; 3.5% of the adolescents exhibit depressive symptoms, mostly girls who are 17 or older; girls have higher levels of anxiety-trait and boys of anxiety-state.


We may conclude that only depression has a relationship with hostile behaviours. It is higher in adolescents with these behaviours. The presence or absence of anxiety is not related to the hostile behaviour in adolescents.

Hostile behaviours
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Copyright © 2014. Elsevier España, S.L.U.. All rights reserved
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