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Inicio Allergologia et Immunopathologia Sleep disturbances and affecting factors in young children with food allergy and...
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Vol. 48. Issue 2.
Pages 158-164 (March - April 2020)
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Vol. 48. Issue 2.
Pages 158-164 (March - April 2020)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2019.06.014
Sleep disturbances and affecting factors in young children with food allergy and their mothers
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S. Filiza,
Corresponding author
serkanfiliz75@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Ş. Keleşa, U.E. Akbulutb, İ.A. Işıkb, M.Z. Karac
a Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Antalya, Turkey
b Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Antalya, Turkey
c Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatric Psychiatry, Antalya, Turkey
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Tables (6)
Table 1. Sociodemographic characteristics of the participants.
Table 2. Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with food allergy.
Table 3. Comparison of total and subscale of the CHSQ between the groups.
Table 4. Comparison of PSQI and Beck Depression Inventory II between mothers.
Table 5. Correlates of sleep problems for children: regression analysis.
Table 6. Correlates of sleep problems for the mothers: binary regression analysis.
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Abstract
Objective

To examine sleep patterns and sleep disturbance of children with food allergy (FA) and their mothers.

Methods

The food allergy group included 71 children with mean age, 2.97±1.52 years, and 58 control children were recruited the study. Mothers of children completed the Childhood Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in order to evaluate sleep disturbance in both children and themselves. Depressive symptomatology of mothers of children with or without food allergy was assessed with Beck-Depression Inventory II (BDI-II).

Results

The mean total scores of CSHQ was 49.33±7.93 (range=31–68) in the FA and 42.39±6.43 (range=30–62) in controls. The total CSHQ scores were significantly higher in children with FA than in controls (p=0.002). The total PSQI score was significantly higher in mothers of children with FA than in mothers of children without FA (7.09±3.11 vs 5.15±2.59, p<0.001) indicating that the mothers of children with FA had worse sleep quality. The mothers of children with FA had more depressive symptoms than mothers of children without FA. The mean total scores of BDI-II were 10.10±6.95 in mothers of children with FA and 7.78±6.64 in mothers of children without FA (p=0.005).

Conclusion

The presence of a food allergy in a child may be associated with a deterioration in sleep quality in children and mothers as well as increased depressive symptoms in mothers.

Keywords:
Sleep disorders
Food allergy
Children
Mothers

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