Buscar en
Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Toda la web
Inicio Allergologia et Immunopathologia Respiratory allergy in immigrants to a highly industrialised area in Italy accor...
Journal Information
Vol. 43. Issue 5.
Pages 461-468 (September - October 2015)
Share
Share
Download PDF
More article options
ePub
Vol. 43. Issue 5.
Pages 461-468 (September - October 2015)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2014.07.007
Respiratory allergy in immigrants to a highly industrialised area in Italy according to area of origin and time period
Visits
...
S. Minettia, E. Raffettib, F. Lodi-Rizzinia, S. Facchettia, E. Schlansera, E. Colomboa, M. Cinquinia, F. Donatob,
Corresponding author
francesco.donato@unibs.it

Corresponding author.
, C. Tosonia
a Allergy Unit, University of Brescia, Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy
b Unit of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
Article information
Abstract
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Figures (3)
Show moreShow less
Tables (5)
Table 1. Gender, age, prevalence of asthma, rhinitis and polysensitisation in immigrants aged 15 years and over with respiratory allergy and a first positive test in 1985–2012, according to macro-area of origin and calendar period.
Table 2. Pattern of sensitisation to allergens in adult immigrants according to macro-area of origin and calendar period.
Table 3. The associations (odds ratios, ORs) between macro-region of origin, gender, age and sensitisation to grass and HDM in immigrants using logistic regression models.
Table 4. Gender, age, and prevalence of asthma and rhinitis and polysensitisation in immigrants, according to macro-area of origin, and in Italians (native-born) with respiratory allergic disease and a first positive test for allergy in 2008–2012.
Table 5. Immigrants with respiratory allergy and immigrant adult population living in the province of Brescia by macro-area of origin in 2009.
Show moreShow less
Abstract
Background

Migrants from developing to Western countries tend to become more sensitised to host than to origin country allergens, although substantial changes in migration patterns have occurred in recent decades.

Methods

We investigated adult immigrants with respiratory allergy, first tested for allergic sensitisation between 1985 and 2012 in a highly industrialised area in Italy. A comparison was made of the sensitisation pattern between immigrants and a random sample of native-born subjects affected by a respiratory allergy, and among immigrants according to macro-region of origin and time period.

Results

Between 1985 and 2012, 480 immigrants with respiratory allergy had a first positive allergy test. Immigrants were sensitised mainly to grass (67.1%), house dust mites (HDM) (38.5%) and birch (27.5%), with a pattern of sensitisation very similar to that observed in Italians (native-born). An increase in the proportion of subjects with asthma and of subjects with polysensitisation was observed from the first (1985–2002) to the middle (2003–2007) and the most recent period (2008–2012). In recent years, the proportion of subjects with polysensitisation in immigrants is higher than in Italians (native-born) (53.3% vs. 40.1%). Among immigrants, the risk of sensitisation to grass was higher in those from Sub-Saharan Africa (odds ratio, OR=2.76) and Latin America (OR=2.49), whereas risk of sensitisation to HDM was higher among immigrants from South Asia (OR=2.71), compared to immigrants from Eastern Europe.

Conclusions

Immigrants develop multiple sensitisations more frequently than native-born people, and are especially sensitised to local allergens; the country of origin seems to play a role.

Keywords:
Asthma
Migrants
Industrialised area
Polysensitisation
Respiratory allergy

Article

These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Subscriber
Subscriber

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe
Subscribe to

Allergologia et Immunopathologia

Comprar
Comprar acceso al artículo

Comprando el artículo el PDF del mismo podrá ser descargado

Precio 22,50 €

Comprar ahora
Contact
Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
E-mail
Article options
Tools
es en pt

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

Você é um profissional de saúde habilitado a prescrever ou dispensar medicamentos

es en pt
Política de cookies Cookies policy Política de cookies
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y mostrarle publicidad relacionada con sus preferencias mediante el análisis de sus hábitos de navegación. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso. Puede cambiar la configuración u obtener más información aquí. To improve our services and products, we use "cookies" (own or third parties authorized) to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here. Utilizamos cookies próprios e de terceiros para melhorar nossos serviços e mostrar publicidade relacionada às suas preferências, analisando seus hábitos de navegação. Se continuar a navegar, consideramos que aceita o seu uso. Você pode alterar a configuração ou obter mais informações aqui.