Buscar en
Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Toda la web
Inicio Allergologia et Immunopathologia Prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in 6–7-year-old schoolchild...
Journal Information
Vol. 47. Issue 6.
Pages 523-534 (November - December 2019)
Download PDF
More article options
Vol. 47. Issue 6.
Pages 523-534 (November - December 2019)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2018.12.002
Prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in 6–7-year-old schoolchildren from Luanda, Angola
M. Arraisa, O. Luluaa, F. Quificaa, J. Rosado-Pintob, J.M.R. Gamac, L. Taborda-Baratad,e,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
a Department of Pulmonology, Military Hospital, Rua D. Manuel I, Luanda, Angola
b Department of Immunoallergology, Hospital da Luz, Avenida Lusíada, 100, 1500-650, Lisbon, Portugal
c Centre of Mathematics and Applications, Faculty of Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Avenida Marquês d’Ávila e Bolama, 6201-001, Covilhã, Portugal
d Department of Allergy & Clinical Immunology, Cova da Beira University Hospital, Quinta do Alvito, 6200-251 Covilhã, Portugal
e CICS – Health Sciences Research Centre, University of Beira Interior, Avenida Infante D. Henrique, 6200-506 Covilhã, Portugal
Article information
Full Text
Download PDF
Tables (6)
Table 1. Sociodemographic data of study sample of 6–7-year-old children from Luanda.
Table 2. Prevalence rates for asthma, rhinitis and eczema.
Table 3. Clinical features of asthma in children with asthma symptoms (“Wheezing in the last 12 months”; n=485).
Table 4. Associations between the presence of rhinitis in the last 12 months and clinical asthma parameters in children with asthma symptoms (wheezing episodes in the last 12 months; n=485).
Table 5. Risk factors for probable asthma (Wheezing last 12 months).
Table 6. Adjusted odds ratios of risk factors for probable asthma (wheezing last 12 months).
Show moreShow less

Epidemiological data have shown that the prevalence of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in children is still increasing, namely in Africa. However, there are no epidemiological studies on asthma or allergic diseases in Angolan children.


To study the prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases in Angolan children.


Descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study, using the ISAAC study methodology, in the province of Luanda, Angola in 6–7-year-old children. Forty-six (8.3%) public schools were randomly selected. Data were analysed using the SPSS Statistics version 24.0 software.


A total of 3080 children were studied. Results showed that the prevalence of asthma (wheezing in the previous 12 months) was 15.8%, that of rhinitis (sneezing, runny or blocked nose in the previous 12 months) was 19%, and that of eczema (itchy skin lesions in the previous 12 months) was 22%, without differences between sexes. Rhinitis was associated with a higher number of episodes of wheezing episodes, disturbed sleep and night cough, in children with asthma. Rhinitis, eczema, Split-type air conditioning system, antibiotic intake in the child's first year of life, frequent intake (more than once per month) of paracetamol and active maternal smoking were associated with a higher risk of having asthma, whereas electrical cooking was associated with a protective effect.


Asthma and allergic diseases are highly prevalent in children from Luanda. A strategy for preventive and control measures should be implemented.

Risk factors


These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Allergologia et Immunopathologia

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe to

Allergologia et Immunopathologia

Comprar acceso al artículo

Comprando el artículo el PDF del mismo podrá ser descargado

Precio 19,34 €

Comprar ahora
Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
Article options
es en pt

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

Você é um profissional de saúde habilitado a prescrever ou dispensar medicamentos

es en pt
Política de cookies Cookies policy Política de cookies
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y mostrarle publicidad relacionada con sus preferencias mediante el análisis de sus hábitos de navegación. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso. Puede cambiar la configuración u obtener más información aquí. To improve our services and products, we use "cookies" (own or third parties authorized) to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here. Utilizamos cookies próprios e de terceiros para melhorar nossos serviços e mostrar publicidade relacionada às suas preferências, analisando seus hábitos de navegação. Se continuar a navegar, consideramos que aceita o seu uso. Você pode alterar a configuração ou obter mais informações aqui.