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Inicio Allergologia et Immunopathologia Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug hypersensitivity in children
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Vol. 45. Issue 1.
Pages 40-47 (January - February 2017)
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Vol. 45. Issue 1.
Pages 40-47 (January - February 2017)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2016.04.004
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug hypersensitivity in children
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C. Alvesa,
Corresponding author
catia@catia-alves.net

Corresponding author.
, A.M. Romeiraa, C. Abreub, P. Carreiro-Martinsa,c, E. Gomesb, P. Leiria-Pintoa,c
a Dona Estefânia Hospital, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Rua Jacinta Marto, 1169-045 Lisbon, Portugal
b Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Largo Prof. Abel Salazar, 4099-001 Oporto, Portugal
c CEDOC, Respiratory Research Group, Nova Medical School, Campo dos Mártires da Pátria, 130, 1169-056 Lisbon, Portugal
Article information
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Tables (5)
Table 1. Demographic characteristics of patients and clinical manifestations of the reported reaction.
Table 2. Number of patients and suspected NSAID involved.
Table 3. Clinical manifestations of the reported reaction, implicated drug and drug provocation tests results in the anaphylaxis cases.
Table 4. Characterisation of the patients with confirmed NSAID-H.
Table 5. Characterisation of the patients that had confirmed and excluded NSAID-H.
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Abstract
Introduction

There are rather few publications about hypersensitivity reactions to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) in the paediatric age. In this study, we aimed to assess the frequency of confirmed NSAID hypersensitivity in children with a previous reported reaction to NSAID in order to investigate the role of the drug provocation test (DPT) in the diagnostic workup and to explore the factors associated with confirmed NSAID hypersensitivity.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical files from every patient under 18 years old who attended two Portuguese paediatric allergy outpatient clinics, from January 2009 to August 2014, due to a suspected NSAID hypersensitivity.

Results

We included 119 patients, with a median age of nine years (P25–P75: 5–14). Ibuprofen was the commonest implicated NSAID in the patients’ reports (n=94–79%). After DPT, NSAID hypersensitivity was confirmed in nine (7.6%) patients, excluded in 93 (78.2%) and was inconclusive in 17 (14.3%). In the majority (n=95–79.8%), the reaction occurred in the first 24h after intake. Eighty-four patients (70.6%) reported only cutaneous manifestations and 18 (15.1%) had systemic symptoms. Anaphylaxis represented a relative risk to NSAID hypersensitivity confirmation. No association was found for atopy and the number of previous reactions.

Conclusion

In our study, NSAID hypersensitivity was confirmed in a small proportion of the patients with a previous reported reaction. Ibuprofen was the most implicated drug with urticaria/angio-oedema as the commonest manifestation. Anaphylaxis was associated with confirmed drug hypersensitivity. The drug provocation test was essential to establish the diagnosis.

Keywords:
Allergy
Children
Drug provocation test
Hypersensitivity
NSAID

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