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Inicio Allergologia et Immunopathologia Many respiratory viruses have temporal association with meningococcal disease
Journal Information
Vol. 43. Issue 5.
Pages 487-492 (September - October 2015)
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Vol. 43. Issue 5.
Pages 487-492 (September - October 2015)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2014.07.005
Many respiratory viruses have temporal association with meningococcal disease
J.A. Castro-Rodrigueza,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, L. Jakubsonb, O. Padillac, D. Gallegosd, R. Fascee, P. Bertranda, I. Sancheza, C. Perreta
a Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
b Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
c Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
d Ministry of Health, Santiago, Chile
e Chilean Public Health Institute, Santiago, Chile
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Tables (4)
Table 1. Mean temperature, precipitation, latitude and sea level characteristics of the Chilean regions in the study (2000–2005).
Table 2. Number of cases of respiratory viruses and meningococcal diseases in Chile (2000–2005).
Table 3. Prevalence (rate per 10,000 population) of respiratory viruses and meningococcal diseases in Chile.
Table 4. Summary of the models of meningococcal diseases rates (per 10,000 persons) by regions and age groups.
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Previous ecological studies have shown a temporal and spatial association between influenza epidemics and meningococcal disease (MNG); however, none have examined more than two respiratory viruses.


Data were obtained in Chile between 2000 and 2005 on confirmed cases of MNG and all confirmed cases of respiratory viruses (influenza A and B; parainfluenza; adenovirus; and respiratory syncytial virus [RSV]). Both variables were divided by epidemiological weeks, age range, and regions. Models of transference functions were run for rates of MNG.


In this period, 1022 reported cases of MNG and 34,737 cases of respiratory virus were identified (25,137 RSV; 4300 parainfluenza; 2527 influenza-A; 356 influenza-B; and 2417 adenovirus). RSV was the major independent virus temporally associated to MNG (it appears one week before MNG), followed by parainfluenza, influenza-B, adenovirus, and influenza-A.


The rate of MNG in Chile is temporally associated to all of the respiratory viruses studied, but with variability according age range, and regions.

Respiratory viruses
Ecological studies


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