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Journal Information
Vol. 46. Issue 5.
Pages 421-430 (September - October 2018)
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Vol. 46. Issue 5.
Pages 421-430 (September - October 2018)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2017.09.018
Knowledge on asthma, food allergies, and anaphylaxis: Assessment of elementary school teachers, parents/caregivers of asthmatic children, and university students in Uruguaiana, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
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M. Urrutia-Pereiraa, L.P. Mocellinb, R.B. de Oliveirac, L. Simonc, L. Lessac, D. Soléd,
Corresponding author
sole.dirceu@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
a Department of Medicine, Federal University of Pampa (Unipampa), Coordinator of Children's Asthma Prevention Program (PIPA), RS, Brazil
b Division of Biomedicine, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Medicine, Federal University of Pampa (Unipampa), RS, Brazil
c Department of Medicine, Federal University of Pampa (Unipampa), RS, Brazil
d Division of Allergy, Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Sâo Paulo, SP, Brazil
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Tables (3)
Table 1. Frequency of affirmative answers about asthma by parents of patients with asthma, elementary school teachers and university students in Uruguaiana, RS, Brazil.
Table 2. University students according to their course and answers to the asthma knowledge questionnaire.
Table 3. Frequency of affirmative answers about food allergy and anaphylaxis by parents of patients with asthma, elementary school teachers and university students in Uruguaiana, RS, Brazil.
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Abstract
Introduction

Allergic diseases have become an increasingly common reality in the last years, extending beyond the family context.

Objective

Assessing the level of knowledge on asthma, food allergies and anaphylaxis of asthmatic children's parents/caregivers (PC), elementary school teachers (EST) and university students (US) in Uruguaiana, RS, Brazil.

Method

577 individuals (PC – N=111; EST – N=177; US – N=299) took part in the study, answering the Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (validated for Portuguese) and another questionnaire on Food Allergy (FA) and anaphylaxis.

Results

Although PC have asthmatic children, their asthma knowledge level was average, slightly above that of EST and EU. The lack of knowledge on passive smoking, use of medications and their side effects should be highlighted. US have shown to be better informed about FA and anaphylaxis. However, even though a significant proportion of respondents know the most common symptoms of FA and anaphylaxis, few named subcutaneous adrenaline as the drug of choice for treating anaphylaxis. Although a significant number of respondents know about the possibility of anaphylactic reactions happening at school or in activities outside the school, we were surprised by the absence of conditions in schools to provide emergency care to such students.

Conclusion

Despite the high prevalence of allergic diseases in childhood, asthmatic children's parents/caregivers, elementary school teachers and university students have inadequate levels of knowledge to monitor these patients.

Keywords:
Students
Teachers
Parents
Caregivers
Knowledge
Asthma
Food allergies
Anaphylaxis

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