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Inicio Allergologia et Immunopathologia Endophthalmitis related to lemon allergy in a heroin addict
Journal Information
Vol. 44. Issue 5.
Pages 472-474 (September - October 2016)
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Vol. 44. Issue 5.
Pages 472-474 (September - October 2016)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2015.12.003
Endophthalmitis related to lemon allergy in a heroin addict
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A. Armentiaa,
Corresponding author
aliciaarmentia@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, F. Pinedab, B. Martin-Armentiaa, C. Ramosc, F.J. Gil Martinc, R. Palaciosb
a Allergy Unit, Rio Hortega University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain
b DIATER Laboratories, Madrid, Spain
c Immunology, Microbiology and Parasitology Department, Rio Hortega University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain
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Abstract
Background

Heroin and its contaminants may be an important source of allergens in young people. We present a case of severe endophthalmitis in a patient that also suffered from anaphylactoid symptoms (hypotension, urticaria, glottic oedema) whenever he ingested lemon.

Methods

Prick tests with a battery of 42 aeroallergens including fruits and citrus fruits (orange, mandarin, grapefruit and lemon) and specific IgE to these allergens were carried out. Immunodetection was performed using the patient's serum and the following allergens: lemon, Candida, Aspergillus, Penicillium and Alternaria recombinant Alt 1 (Laboratories Diater).

Results

Skin tests were negative for Candida, Penicillium, Aspergillus and Cladosporium (ALK-Spain) as were specific IgE antibodies for CAP (Thermofisher, Sweden) and positive only for lemon and, doubtfully, to Candida. Specific IgE tests to pollen, arthropods, fungi, dander and foods were positive only for lemon (0.49kU/L). Serological study of fungi ruled out fungal infection at that time. The immunodetection showed that the patient's serum recognised a protein of approximately 25kDa of lemon peel, one of approximately 12–13kDa of Penicillium, and perfectly recognised Alt a 1.

Conclusions

Lemon surface can be contaminated by Candida and other fungi. In heroin addicts with positive skin tests for lemon, the possibility of these serious complications should be taken into account.

Keywords:
Lemon allergy
Candida
Penicillium
Aspergillus
Cladosporium
Endophthalmitis
Heroin allergy
Opioids allergy

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