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Journal Information
Vol. 48. Issue 1.
Pages 34-41 (January - February 2020)
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Vol. 48. Issue 1.
Pages 34-41 (January - February 2020)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2019.04.008
Asthma prevalence, but not allergic rhinitis nor atopic dermatitis, is associated to exposure to dogs in adolescents
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Jaime Morales-Romeroa, Tonantzin Isis Bedolla-Pulidob, Tonatiuh Ramses Bedolla-Pulidoc, Norma Angélica Pulido-Guillénd, Martín Bedolla-Barajase,
Corresponding author
drmbedbar@gmail.com

Corresponding author at: Servicio de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica, División de Medicina Interna, Nuevo Hospital Civil de Guadalajara “Dr. Juan I. Menchaca”, Salvador Quevedo y Zubieta No. 740, Colonia La Perla, Guadalajara, Jalisco C. P. 44340, Mexico.
, Rodrigo Padilla-Padillaf, J. Jesús Pérez-Molinac,g, Luis Gustavo Orozco-Alatorrec
a Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto de Salud Pública, Av. Luis Castelazo Ayala s/n., Colonia Industrial Ánimas, Xalapa, Veracruz C. P. 91190, Mexico
b Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Sierra Mojada No. 950, Colonia Independencia Oriente, Guadalajara, Jalisco C. P. 44340 Mexico
c Division de Pediatría, Nuevo Hospital Civil de Guadalajara “Dr. Juan I. Menchaca”, Salvador de Quevedo y Zubieta No. 750, Colonia La Perla, Guadalajara, Jalisco C. P. 44340, Mexico
d Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Maestría en Ciencias de la Salud de la Adolescencia y la Juventud. Sierra Mojada No. 950, Colonia Independencia Oriente, Guadalajara, Jalisco, C. P. 44340 Mexico
e Servicio de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica, Nuevo Hospital Civil de Guadalajara “Dr. Juan I. Menchaca”, Salvador de Quevedo y Zubieta No. 750, Colonia La Perla, Guadalajara, Jalisco C. P. 44340, Mexico
f Colegio Mexicano de Inmunología Clínica y Alergia, Capítulo Centro Occidente. Pedro Medina No. 71, Tepatitlán de Morelos, Jalisco C. P. 47600, Mexico
g Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Departamento de Clínicas de la Reproducción Humana, Crecimiento y Desarrollo Infantil. Sierra Mojada No. 950, Colonia Independencia Oriente, Guadalajara, Jalisco C. P. 44340, Mexico
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Tables (6)
Table 1. Characteristics of the asthmatic population.
Table 2. Characteristics of the population with allergic rhinitis.
Table 3. Characteristics of the population with atopic dermatitis.
Table 4. Multivariate analysis between exposure to outdoor dog (independent variable) and the prevalence of asthma (dependent variable) using binary logistic regression.
Table 5. Multivariate analysis between exposure to outdoor dog (independent variable) and the prevalence of allergic rhinitis (dependent variable) using binary logistic regression.
Table 6. Multivariate analysis between exposure to outdoor dog (independent variable) and the prevalence of atopic dermatitis (dependent variable) using binary logistic regression.
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Abstract
Background

Exposure to pets can be a predisposing factor in the development of certain diseases, including allergic diseases.

Objective

We analyzed the role that exposure to indoor dogs and cats plays in the prevalence of allergic diseases.

Methods

We examined the cross-sectional data of 1056 women and 936 men aged 15 to 18 years; these individuals were selected through stratified and cluster random sampling. We asked all participants about their exposure to indoor dogs and cats during the year that preceded our study. The prevalence of allergic diseases was determined through core questions taken from The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire.

Results

The prevalence was 12.7% (95% CI: 11.3%–14.2%) for asthma, 9.0% (95% CI: 7.8%–10.4%) for allergic rhinitis, and 5.2% (95% CI: 4.3%–6.2%) for atopic dermatitis. The multivariate analyses showed that exposure to indoor dogs, but not indoor cats, was associated with asthma prevalence (aOR 1.37; 95% CI: 1.03–1.83), as was male sex (aOR=1.42; 95% CI: 1.08–1.86), a personal history of allergic rhinitis (aOR=3.24; 95% CI: 2.25–4.66), and a maternal history of asthma (aOR=3.06; 95% CI: 1.89–4.98). The population attributable risk for exposure to indoor dogs was 18%. Notably, neither allergic rhinitis nor atopic dermatitis was found to be associated with dog or cat exposure (p> 0.05).

Conclusion

Exposure to dogs in late adolescence is a factor associated with asthma, although its contribution to the development of asthma should be investigated in new studies.

Keywords:
Asthma
Allergic rhinitis
Atopic dermatitis
Pets
Dogs
Cats

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