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Vol. 42. Issue 3.
Pages 191-197 (April 2018)
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Vol. 42. Issue 3.
Pages 191-197 (April 2018)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.acuroe.2018.02.003
The personal and professional face of the Basque urologist José Julián Guimón Rezola (1898–1980)
Semblante humano y profesional del urólogo vasco José Julián Guimón y Rezola (1898–1980)
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J.C. Angulo
Departamento Clínico, Facultad de Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Laureate Universities, Madrid, Spain
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Abstract
Objective

To understand certain outstanding aspects of the life of the Basque surgeon and urologist Julián Guimón Rezola. His personal and bibliographic documentary legacy helps reconstruct his works and personal character.

Material and methods

We analysed the written works of Julián Guimón Rezola and a collection of documents, letters, photographs, illustrations and objects from his personal and professional life, accessed through his family. We analysed the content of the author's main publications and related the documents to historic facts.

Results

Julián Guimón Rezola was an upstanding individual, a father, a family man and a nationalist before the struggle, who was dedicated to his work and particularly to teaching and health management. He started his urological career under the direction of Francisco Pérez Andrés in the Santo Civil Hospital of Bilbao. He endured unjust repression for participating in the creation of the Basque University in 1936. Sentenced to life imprisonment, he stated a new life as a reclusive surgeon in the prison of Puerto de Santa María. He was pardoned three years later but was deprived of all his offices and disqualified from civil service. He founded his clinic and maintained his training in the United States. He presided over the Medical-Surgical Insurance Group of Bilbao (Igualatorio Médico-Quirúrgico) and, on 2 occasions, the Bilbao Academy of Medical Sciences. He was considerably active professionally and focused on social medicine and modern urology. He wrote 104 scientific articles, a number of which were of considerable quality and impact. We observed an evolution in the subject matter of these articles, all with exquisite professionalism and humanity. He corresponded with renowned practitioners and was admitted to the Spanish Royal National Academy of Medicine in 1970. He ended his career with an appointment as honorary professor at the University of the Basque Country 2 years before his death.

Conclusions

Surgeon urologist Julián Guimón Rezola was a fundamental figure in Basque and Spanish medicine in the 20th century. He was the victim of a severe reprisal, not so much for political issues but rather for his institutional loyalty. However, he regained his professional and academic prestige. His written works reveal modern medicine with a considerable social foundation and the mind of a brilliant health manager.

Keywords:
History of urology
Julián Guimón Rezola
Hospital of Basurto
University of the Basque Country
Spanish urology
Resumen
Objetivo

Dar a conocer algunos aspectos sobresalientes de la vida del cirujano y urólogo vasco Julián Guimón Rezola. Su legado documental personal y bibliográfico permite recomponer su obra y semblante humano.

Material y métodos

Se analiza la obra escrita de Julián Guimón Rezola y una colección de documentos, cartas, fotografías, ilustraciones y objetos sobre su vida personal y profesional, accedidos a través de su familia. Se analiza el contenido de las principales publicaciones del autor y los documentos se relacionan con los hechos históricos acontecidos.

Resultados

Persona recta, padre de familia, nacionalista antes de la contienda, comprometido con el trabajo y particularmente con la docencia y la gestión sanitaria. Inició su carrera urológica bajo la dirección de Francisco Pérez Andrés en el Santo Hospital Civil de Bilbao. Sufrió injusta represión por participar en la creación de la Universidad Vasca en 1936, condenado a cadena perpetua inició una nueva vida como cirujano recluso en la prisión de Puerto de Santa María. Fue indultado tres años después, pero desposeído de todos sus cargos e inhabilitado para la función pública. Fundó su clínica y actualizó formación en los Estados Unidos. Presidió el Igualatorio Médico-Quirúrgico y también en dos ocasiones la Academia de Ciencias Médicas de Bilbao. Desarrolló gran actividad profesional centrada en medicina social y urología moderna. Escribió 104 trabajos científicos, algunos de ellos de gran calidad y repercusión. Se aprecia una evolución temática en los mismos y siempre exquisita profesionalidad y humanidad. Mantuvo correspondencia con prestigiosos profesionales e ingresó en la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina en 1970. Finalizó su carrera nombrado profesor honorario de la Universidad del País Vasco dos años antes de su fallecimiento.

Conclusiones

Julián Guimón Rezola, cirujano urólogo, fue una figura fundamental en la medicina vasca y española del siglo XX. Fue severamente represaliado, no tanto por cuestiones políticas como por lealtad institucional. Recuperó el prestigio profesional y académico. Su obra escrita muestra una medicina moderna cargada de gran trasfondo social y la mentalidad de un brillante gestor sanitario.

Palabras clave:
Historia de la Urología
Julián Guimón Rezola
Hospital de Basurto
Universidad del País Vasco
Urología española

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