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Journal Information
Vol. 35. Issue 9.
Pages 540-545 (October 2011)
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Vol. 35. Issue 9.
Pages 540-545 (October 2011)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.acuroe.2011.12.004
Robotic surgery: History and teaching impact
Cirugía robótica: Historia e impacto en la enseñanza
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R. Valeroa,b,c, Y.H. Koa,d, S. Chauhana, O. Schatloffa, A. Sivaramana, R.F. Coelhoa,e, F. Ortegaf,c, K.J. Palmera,b, R. Sanchez-Salasf,b, H. Davilab, X. Cathelineauf, V.R. Patela,??
Corresponding author
vipul.patel.md@flhosp.org

Corresponding author.
a Global Robotics Institute, Florida Hospital Celebration Health, Celebration, FL, United States
b Departamento de Urología, Hospital Universitario de Caracas, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela
c Robotic Fellow, Confederación Americana de Urología (CAU), Miami, FL, United States
d Departamento de Urología, Escuela Universitaria Coreana de Medicina, Seúl, South Korea
e Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Divisão de Urologia, São Paulo, Brazil
f Departamento de Urología, L??Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, París, France
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Abstract
Context

The purpose of this article is to review the history of robotic surgery, its impact on teaching as well as a description of historical and current robots used in the medical arena.

Summary of evidence

Although the history of robots dates back to 2000 years or more, the last two decades have seen an outstanding revolution in medicine, due to all the changes that robotic surgery has made in the way of performing, teaching and practicing surgery.

Conclusions

Robotic surgery has evolved into a complete and self-contained field, with enormous potential for future development. The results to date have shown that this technology is capable of providing good outcomes and quality care for patients.

Keywords:
Robotics
Surgery
History
Surgical systems
AESOP
ZEUS
Teaching
Future
Resumen
Contexto

El objetivo de este artículo es hacer una revisión de la Historia de la cirugía robótica, su impacto en la enseñanza, así como una descripción de los robots antiguos y actuales usados en el campo médico.

Resumen de evidencia

Aunque la historia de la robótica tiene 2.000 años o más, las últimas dos décadas han mostrado una marcada revolución en Medicina, debido a todos los cambios que la cirugía robótica ha provocado en la manera de hacer, enseñar y practicar cirugía.

Conclusiones

La cirugía robótica ha evolucionado hasta ser un campo aparte, con un enorme potencial para su futuro desarrollo. Los resultados muestran hasta ahora que esta tecnología es capaz de ofrecer buenos resultados y un adecuado tratamiento a los pacientes.

Palabras clave:
Robótica
Cirugía
Historia
Sistemas quirúrgicos
AESOP
ZEUS
Enseñanza
Futuro

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