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Inicio Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition) Joaquín María Albarrán y Domínguez (1860–1912). In the centenary of his de...
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Vol. 36. Issue 4.
Pages 246-251 (April 2012)
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Vol. 36. Issue 4.
Pages 246-251 (April 2012)
History
DOI: 10.1016/j.acuroe.2012.07.010
Joaquín María Albarrán y Domínguez (1860–1912). In the centenary of his death
Joaquín María Albarrán y Domínguez (1860–1912). En el centenario de su fallecimiento
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M. Pérez-Albacete
Urólogo sénior, Murcia, Oficina de Historia de la AEU, Madrid, Spain
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Abstract
Context

In a tribute to the memory of Joaquín Albarrán in the centenary of his death, we review his biography, comment his works on and highlight his urological activity as he is one of the most important people of international Urology. The literature on this person and texts has been reviewed.

Evidence synthesis

Born in Cuba, he studied Medicine in Barcelona, graduating with an outstanding level in 1877. He went to Paris to extend his studies where he settled and began an extraordinary professional career that led him to be a Professor of the Urinary Tract in the Parisian University and Chief of the Urology Clinic in the Hospital Necker, a pioneer center of specialization that was attended by many physicians from all over the world. He wrote five books on urology disease, of great importance in the literature on the specialty. These books are currently classics and still maintain their validity due to the profound anatomy-clinical and pathophysiological knowledge explained and the extraordinary description of the urinary tract operation techniques.

Conclusions

An eminent urologist, not only because of the importance of his word but also due to design of the nail that carries his name as well as different urological eponyms, his human stature, his category as an investigator and his scientific excellence. Because of his presence in Paris, some of the most important Spanish urologists were prepared at his side, contributing to the rebirth and boom of Urology in Spain.

Keywords:
Joaquín Albarrán
History of Urology
Urological biographical sketches
Medical biographies
XX Century Urology
Resumen
Contexto

En homenaje a la memoria de Joaquín Albarrán, en el centenario de su fallecimiento, repasamos su biografía, comentamos su obra y resaltamos su actividad urológica como una de las personalidades más importantes de la Urología internacional. Se lleva a cabo la revisión de la bibliografía sobre su persona y de sus textos.

Resumen de evidencia

Nacido en Cuba, estudió Medicina en Barcelona; selicenció con sobresa-liente en 1877 y marchó a ampliar estudios a París, donde se afincó y comenzó una extraordinaria carrera profesional que lo llevó a ser profesor de Vías Urinarias en la Universidad parisina y jefe de la Clínica de Urología en el Hospital Necker, centro pionero de especialización al que acudían a formarse multitud de médicos de todas las naciones. Escribió 5 libros sobre patología urológica, de gran trascendencia y considerados fundamentales en la literatura de la especialidad; clásicos hoy día, conservan aún vigencia debido a los profundos conocimientos anatomoclínicos y fisiopatológicos expuestos y por la extraordinaria descripción de las técnicas operatorias de las vías urinarias.

Conclusiones

Urólogo eminente no solo por la trascendencia que tuvo su obra y por el diseño de la uña que lleva su nombre, además de diversos epónimos urológicos, sino también por su talla humana, su categoría como investigador y su excelencia científica. Su presencia en París hizo que los más destacados urólogos españoles se preparasen a su lado, lo que contribuyó al renacimiento y auge de la Urología en España.

Palabras clave:
Joaquín Albarrán
Historia de la Urología
Semblanzas urológicas
Biografías médicas
Urología siglo xx

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