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Vol. 41. Issue 3.
Pages 200-204 (April 2017)
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Vol. 41. Issue 3.
Pages 200-204 (April 2017)
New techiques and technologies
Combination of extracorporeal lithotripsy and flexible ureterorenoscopy optimize renal lithiasis therapy
La combinación de litotricia extracorpórea y ureterorrenoscopia flexible optimiza el tratamiento de litiasis renales
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A. Pérez-Lanzac
Corresponding author
, P. Parra-Serván, C. León-Delgado, Z. Okhunov, A. Lusch, J.L. Álvarez-Ossorio
Servicio de Urología, Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar, Cádiz, Spain
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Table 1. Treatment of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in renal lithiases according to the location, number, size, and energy used.
Table 2. Advantages and disadvantages of ESWL and RIRS of renal lithiasis.
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Abstract
Objective

Describe our initial experience in the treatment of renal lithiasis with extracorporeal lithotripsy controlled by simultaneous flexible ureterorenoscopy and combined with holmium laser lithotripsy.

Material and methods

We performed this novel technique in a previously selected patient with left renal lithiasis, two in the superior calix, two in the medium calix and two in the inferior calix, the biggest of which was placed in medium calix and was 6mm long. We proceeded to an extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy and a simultaneous flexible ureterorenoscopy for better controlling the fragmentation of the lithiasis with the use of a holmium laser. In the immediate post-operative, an ultrasound was performed and, one month later, a computerized tomography (CT) was done.

Results

The complete fragmentation of all the lithiasis was obtained and a double-J catheter was placed. After the assessment of the absence of stone fragments by CT the catheter was removed. No intra-operative or post-operative complications were described.

Conclusions

The technique described is novel, safe and reproducible. The good result obtained through this combined technique increases our interest in continuing with its application and consider it as an option for the treatment of renal lithiasis in our patients.

Keywords:
Lithiasis
Lithotripsy
Ureterorenoscopy
Resumen
Objetivos

Describir nuestra experiencia inicial en el tratamiento de las litiasis renales mediante litotricia extracorpórea controlada por ureterorrenoscopia flexible simultánea y combinada con litotricia mediante láser holmium.

Material y métodos

Llevamos a cabo esta novedosa técnica en una paciente previamente seleccionada que presentaba litiasis renales izquierdas, 2 en cáliz superior, 2 en cáliz medio y 2 en cáliz inferior, la mayor de ellas en cáliz medio de 6mm. Realizamos de forma simultánea una litotricia extracorpórea por ondas de choque y una ureterorrenoscopia flexible para un mejor control de la fragmentación de la litiasis y aplicando láser holmium. En el postoperatorio inmediato se realizó una ecografía y una tomografía computarizada (TC) de control al mes.

Resultados

Se consiguió la completa fragmentación de todas las litiasis y se dejó un catéter doble J que se retiró posteriormente tras la comprobación de la ausencia de restos litiásicos mediante TC. No hubo complicaciones intraoperatorias, ni posquirúrgicas.

Conclusiones

Esta técnica descrita es novedosa, segura y reproducible. El buen resultado obtenido mediante esta técnica combinada aumenta nuestro interés en seguirla empleando y considerarla como una opción de tratamiento para las litiasis renales de nuestros pacientes.

Palabras clave:
Litiasis
Litotricia
Ureterorrenoscopia

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