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Vol. 39. Issue 10.
Pages 641-645 (December 2015)
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Vol. 39. Issue 10.
Pages 641-645 (December 2015)
History
DOI: 10.1016/j.acuroe.2015.10.004
Charles Richard de Beauregard and the treatment of blennorrhagic urethral stenosis in Madrid in the 18th century: Advertising, secrecy and deception
Carlos Richard de Beauregard y el tratamiento de la estenosis uretral blenorrágica en el Madrid del siglo xviii: publicidad, secreto e impostura
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J.J. Gómiz, I. Galindo
Corresponding author
isabel.galindo17@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
Servicio de Urología, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
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Abstract
Objectives

Describe the introduction of the treatment for blennorrhagic urethral stenosis in the city of Madrid in the 18th century by the French surgeon Charles de Beauregard, the formulations employed in the preparation of his personal «bougies», the advertising in the press, their marketing and distribution.

Material and methods

Nonsystematic review of the Madrid newspaper Gaceta de Madrid y Diario curioso, erudito, económico y comercial (Madrid Gazette, curious, erudite, financial and commercial) between 1759 and 1790. Review of the medical literature of the 18th century preserved in the Fondo Antiguo of the Biblioteca Histórica of Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Historical Resource of the Historical Library of the Complutense University of Madrid). A Google search of «Charles Richard de Beauregard».

Results

Charles de Beauregard focused his professional work mainly on the treatment of the urethral sequela of blennorrhagia, phimosis and paraphimosis. He introduced to 18th century Spanish society (with purported originality and clear commercial interests) therapeutic methods based on lead acetate that had already been developed in France by Thomas Goulard.

Conclusions

The urethral sequela of diseases such as blennorrhagic urethritis, stenotic phimosis and paraphimosis were highly prevalent in 18th century Madrid and required complex solutions for the practice of urology of that era. Charles de Beauregard introduced innovative but not original treatments that were invasive but not bloody and that provided him with fame and social prestige. He advertised his professional activity and marketed his therapeutic products through advertisements submitted to the daily press (Madrid Gazette, Gaceta de Madrid).

Keywords:
Beauregard
Bougies
Impostors
18th century
Resumen
Objetivos

Describir la introducción del tratamiento de la estenosis uretral blenorrágica en la ciudad de Madrid en el siglo xviii por el cirujano francés Charles de Beauregard, las formulaciones empleadas en la elaboración de sus personales «candelillas», la publicidad en prensa, su comercialización y distribución.

Material y métodos

Revisión no sistemática de la prensa madrileña Gaceta de Madrid y Diario curioso, erudito, económico y comercial, entre 1759 y 1790. Revisión de la bibliografía médica del siglo xviii conservada en el Fondo Antiguo de la Biblioteca Histórica de la Universidad Complutense (Madrid). Búsqueda en portal Google “Carlos Richard de Beauregard”.

Resultados

Charles de Beauregard dedicó preferentemente su actividad profesional al tratamiento de las secuelas uretrales de la blenorragia, fimosis y parafimosis, introduciendo en la sociedad española del siglo xviii, con pretendida originalidad y manifiesto interés comercial, métodos terapéuticos basados en el acetato de plomo, que ya habían sido desarrollados en Francia por Thomas Goulard.

Conclusiones

Las secuelas uretrales de enfermedades como la uretritis blenorrágica, la fimosis estenótica o la parafimosis eran muy prevalentes, y de compleja solución para la urología de la época en el Madrid del siglo xviii. Charles de Beauregard introdujo novedosos tratamientos (pero no originales), invasivos pero no cruentos, alcanzando fama y prestigio social, recurriendo a publicitar su actividad profesional y comercializar los productos terapéuticos que elaboraba mediante anuncios remitidos a la prensa periódica (Gaceta de Madrid).

Palabras clave:
Beauregard
Candelillas
Impostores
Siglo XVIII

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