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Vol. 54. Issue 6.
Pages 393-398 (July 2003)
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Vol. 54. Issue 6.
Pages 393-398 (July 2003)
Hipoacusia neurosensorial por hiperbilirrubinemia neonatal
Sensorineural hearing loss due to neonatal hyperbilirubinemia
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P. Clarós#1,
, D. Turcanu**, M. Caballero**, C. Costa*, M.A. Clavería#*, A. Clarós jr.#*
* Clínica clarós barcelona
* Hospital universitario “san juan de dios”. barcelona
** Residente orl, en comisión de servicio
A. Clarós#
servicio de otorrinolaringología
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Resumen

En este artículo, la hipoacusia neurosensorial es presentada como una posible secuela de la hiperbilirrubinemia neonatal. En nuestro programa de detección precoz de la hipoacusia fueron investigados 241 niños lactantes, desde enero de 1996 hasta noviembre de 1999, de los cuales 7 casos tenían antecedentes de hiperbilirrubinemia neonatal inmediata y, de ellos, 2 presentaron hipoacusia neurosensorial bilateral. Realizamos una discusión de los posibles mecanismos de acción de la bilirrubina y las causas que explicarían la afectación selectiva de algunos niños.

Palabras clave:
Hipoacusia neurosensorial
Hiperbilirrubinemia
Neurotoxicidad
Abstract

In this article, the sensorineural hearing loss is presented as a possible sequelae of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. In our program of early hipoacusia detection, 241 babies were examined from January 1996 until November 1999; 7 cases had a history of hyperbilirubinemia in the neonatal period and 2 of them were diagnosed of sensorineural hearing loss. We discuss how the bilirubin or any other associated factor might have been the cause and this could explain the selective affectation of some children.

Key words:
Sensorineural hearing loss
Hyperbilirubinemia
Neurotoxicity

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