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Fisioterapia 2002;24:56-62 - DOI: 10.1016/S0211-5638(02)72982-9
Instrumentos de medida de la calidad de vida en esclerosis múltiple
Quality oflife questionnaires for multiple sclerosis
M.ªA. Pelegrín Molina1, A. Gómez–Conesa2,1,
1 Fisioterapeuta. Asociación Murciana de Esclerosis Múltiple
2 Departamento de Fisioterapia. Universidad de Murcia
Resumen
Resumen

La mejora de la calidad de vida es, en la mayoría de los caso, el principal objetivo de la intervención de Fisioterapia con enfermos de esclerosis múltiple (EM).

La calidad de vida es una medida determinante de los resultados de un tratamiento de Fisioterapia en EM.

En el presente artículo se revisan los diferentes instrumentos utilizados en los últimos años para valorar la calidad de vida de personas afectadas de esclerosis múltiple. Al mismo tiempo presentamos las dimensiones de la calidad de vida màs utilizadas en estos cuestionarios de valoración.

Se concluye que no existe unanimidad en cuanto al cuestionario a emplear en esclerosis múltiple, aunque elShort Form Health Survey–36 (SF–36) y el Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life–54 (MSQOL–54)son los instrumentos de valoraciòn utilizados por un mayor número de autores.

En relación a las dimensiones de la calidad de vida, las que aparecen valoradas en la mayoría de cuestionarios son: función física, estado psicológico, dolor, función social, fatiga y sexualidad.

Resumen
Abstract

Improving quality of life is, in most cases, the principal objective of physical therapy performance with multiple sclerosis patients.

The quality of life is a determinant measurement of the results of a physical therapy treatment in multiple sclerosis.

In this article, questionnaires used to rate quality oflife of people with multiple sclerosis in recent years, are revised. At the same time, we show the quality of life's assessment most used in these questionnaires.

We conclude, it doesn't exists conformity about which questionnaire to use in multiple sclerosis, but Short Form HealthSurvey–36 F–36) and the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life–54 (MSQOL–54), are the assessment tools used by most number of authors.

About the quality of life's dimensions, in most questionnaires are evaluated: physical function, psychological status, pain, social function, fatigue, and sexuality.

Palabras Clave
Calidad de vida, Esclerosis múltiple, Evaluación, Fisioterapia
Keywords
Quality oflife, Multiple Sclerosis, Assessment, Physical Therapy
El Texto completo solo está disponible en PDF
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Antonia Gómez–Conesa Departamento de Fisioterapia Facultad de Medicina Universidad de Murcia 30100 Campus de Espinardo (Murcia) (A. Gómez–Conesa agomez@um.es)
Copyright © 2002. Asociación Española de Fisioterapeutas