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doi: 10.1016/S0210-573X(03)77237-2
Incompetencia cervical. Revisión bibliográfica
M.A. Barber, I. Eguiluz, J. Agüera, I. Alcover, M.A. Bolívar, A. Calvo
Servicio de Obstetricia y Ginecología. Hospital Fundación Manacor. Manacor (Mallorca). Islas Baleares. España.
Aceptado 24 febrero 2003
Summary

Cervical incompetence is a clinical entity characterized by painless cervical dilatation which happens during the second trimester of pregnancy, with membranes bulging into the vagina. This is followed by premature rupture of the membranes and expulsion of the fetus. Recurrence in future pregnancies is typical. Treatment is surgical in the majority of cases with cervical cerclage. The diagnosis and indications por this procedure are under discussion.

Resumen

La incompetencia cervical es una entidad clínica que se caracteriza por dilatación cervical indolora que acontece durante el segundo trimestre del embarazo con prolapso de membranas y protrusión de éstas en la vagina, seguidos de rotura prematura de membranas y expulsión fetal. Es típica la recurrencia en futuros embarazos. El tratamiento en la mayoría de los casos es quirúrgico, a través de un cerclaje cervical, cuyos indicación y diagnóstico están en discusión.

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