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Allergologia et Immunopathologia
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Inicio Allergologia et Immunopathologia Validation of a Spanish version of the EuroPrevall Food Allergy Quality of Life ...
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Vol. 46. Num. 1.January - February 2018
Pages 1-104
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Vol. 46. Num. 1.January - February 2018
Pages 1-104
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.aller.2017.06.004
Validation of a Spanish version of the EuroPrevall Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire-Parental Form
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E. Bartolla, M. Nietoa, B. Selvaa, R. Badillob, G. Pereiraa, S. Uixeraa, A. Nietoa, Á. Mazóna,
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amazon@comv.es

Corresponding author.
a Unit of Pediatric Allergy and Pneumology, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, Spain
b Hospital Médica Sur, Ciudad de México, México
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Tables (3)
Table 1. Values of Cronbach's alpha for the whole questionnaire and for the subscales of each domain.
Table 2. Values of Cronbach's alpha for FAIM questions (parents’ and children's).
Table 3. Correlation of the mean value of valid questions in the three domains of the FAQLQ-PF with FAIM (the number of cases varies due to unanswered questions and to those not corresponding to age).
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Abstract
Background

Food allergy can have a major impact on quality of life of children and their parents. Questionnaires have been developed to measure the impact of this disorder. We aimed to validate the EuroPrevall questionnaire on Food Allergy-Quality of Life Questionnaire, Parent Form (FAQLQ-PF) and the Food Allergy Independent Measure (FAIM), translated into Spanish.

Methods

The internal consistency of the FAQLQ-PF and the FAIM, translated into Spanish (Spain) and completed by the parents of 74 children with IgE-mediated food allergy, were evaluated with Cronbach's alpha. To test construct validity of the FAQLQ-PF, its correlation with the FAIM was also calculated. To assess their discriminant validity, we compared the values of both depending on the number of offending foods and for children with and without anaphylaxis.

Results

The values of Cronbach's alpha for the three domains in the FAQLQ-PF were over 0.9. The value of alpha for FAIM questions was below 0.6, which was attributed to the wording of one question. When this question was removed, alpha increased to over 0.70. There was a significant correlation between the FAQLQ-PF score and the FAIM. There were significantly poorer FAQLQ-PF scores in children with more food allergies and worse FAIM in those who had had anaphylaxis.

Conclusions

The Spanish version of the FAQLQ-PF had a good internal consistency, good construct validity and validity to discriminate patients with more food allergies and anaphylaxis. It can be used as a tool to evaluate and monitor the quality of life in families with food allergic children.

Keywords:
Food allergy
Children
Parents
Questionnaire
Quality of life
Spanish
Validation

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